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Global air cargo rates stay firm driven by Asia, Mideast markets

DUBAI, June 22, 2024

The global air cargo rates are holding firm during what is traditionally a quieter period for the market, boosted by continuing strong demand and high spot rates from Asian and Middle Eastern origins, according to the latest weekly figures and analysis from WorldACD Market Data.
 
Although total worldwide tonnages in the last full week (week 24 - June 10 to 16) slipped by 2%, average rates remained more or less stable at $2.51 a kilo, up 8% compared with the equivalent week last year and significantly above pre-Covid levels (+42% compared to June 2019), based on the more than 450,000 weekly transactions covered by WorldACD. 
 
And combining the figures for the last two full weeks (weeks 23 and 24) reveals a +1% rise in both rates and tonnages compared with the previous two weeks (a ‘two-week on two-week’ or ‘2Wo2W’ comparison). 
 
But comparisons with last year show that both tonnages (+11%) and rates (+8%) are well above last year’s levels, thanks to significantly higher demand from all the main worldwide origin regions, led by higher rates (+52%) and tonnages (+13%) from Middle East & South Asia origins, and higher rates (+17%) and tonnages (+16%) from Asia Pacific origins (based on a total-market average of spot rates as well as contract rates).
 
Analysis of certain individual lanes reveals some interesting changes taking place in the last few weeks in the big Asia Pacific-US and China-US markets. For example, there have been some significant increases in average spot prices in the last five weeks to the US from Asia Pacific as a whole (from $4.80 in week 19 to $5.34 in week 24, +11%) and China (from $4.91 in week 19 to $5.25 in week 24, +7%), taking those prices to +52% and +38% above their levels this time last year.
 
Cancelled Chinese freighters to LA
Looking specifically at LAX airport, where there have been anecdotal reports of cancellations of some freighters due to enhanced customs checks of inbound e-commerce-driven air cargo flights from China, rates have seen similar increases in the last five weeks, from Asia Pacific as a whole (from $4.27 in week 19 to $4.79 in week 24, +12%) and China (from $4.52 in week 19 to $4.87 in week 24, +8%), taking those prices to +38% and +30% above their levels this time last year, respectively. 
 
But on the demand side, the picture is somewhat different. Whereas Asia Pacific to LAX tonnages are significantly up, YoY (+18% in week 24), China to LAX tonnages have been down, YoY, for most of the last seven weeks.
 
For China to US as a whole, tonnages are up, YoY, in each of the last five weeks, although they have also flattened off during that time, standing in week 24 at just +2% above their levels last year.
 
So, it seems that there has been some decline in China tonnages to LAX in the last month or so, compared to the China-USA market as a whole and compared to the wider Asia Pacific to USA and LAX markets, supporting the anecdotal observations about cancelled freighters from China to LAX.
 
That is beginning to drive down overall China-USA tonnages, although China-US and Asia Pacific-US spot rates have continued to rise.-TradeArabia News Service



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